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Info about India

 

cities of india

Places of India

Places of India with its rich cultural and architectural legacy, panoramic locales, diversity of languages and variety of cuisine and lifestyle is challenging to explore.

 

adventure travel in india

 

 

 

adventure travel in india

 

tourist information

Tourist Info

Cities of India with its rich cultural and architectural legacy, panoramic locales, diversity of languages and

adventure travel in india

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

adventure travel in india

Places to Visit in India

about adventure tour

Delhi

New Delhi is the Capital of India is the fastest growing large city in India, rapidly catching up the colonial cities of Bombay and Calcutta in size, and long since eclipsing them in political importance. In some are it remains a spacious garden city, tree-lined and with beautiful parks. Delhi today is essentially 4 cities, spreading over the remains of nearly a dozen earlier centers, which once occupied this vital strategic site.

Delhi Old The oldest is now know as "Old Delhi " or Shah Jahanabad built by the Mughal Emperor Shah in the first half of the 17th century. Focusing on the great imperial building of the Red Fort and the Jama Masjid, this old City is a dense network of narrow alleys and tightly packed markets and houses, Muslim, Sikhs and Hindus living side by side.

 

Agra

One of the great Mughal cities of South Asia, with minor interruptions. Agra alternated with Delhi as the capital of their empire. Little is known about it before the Muslim conquest. Agra stands on the right bank of the river Yamuna, site of Love's most splendid monument, the Taj Mahal. Agra was founded by the first Aryan settlers, and named " Arya Graha" which with time was shortened to Agra.

Agra Fort: On the West Bank of the Yanuna River, Akbar's magnificent fort dominates the center of the city. The son of Sher Shah originally used the site, but the present structure owes its origins to Akbar who erected the wall and gates and the first building inside.

The Taj Mahal: The state of the Taj declined with the fortunes of the Mughal Empire, the garden becoming overgrown. The architectural masterpiece was built in 1630 by Shah Jahan, in memory of his favorite wife and adviser, Mumtaz Mahal (crown of the palace) 20,000 workers and artists, some coming from Europe and Persia, spent 22 years working on this monuments of love wrought in sandstone, marble and semi-precious jewels

Fatehpur Sikri: 37 Kms West of Agra. Fatehpur Sikri – the deserted capital of Emperor Akbar, In 1570, Akbar built the breath- taking city of Fatehpur Sikri as a token of devotion to the Saint Sheikh Salim Chesti.

 

Jaipur

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan and it was founded in 1727 by Sawai Jai Singh II, the Maharaja of the Kachhwaha Clan of Rajputs, who ruled from 1699-1744. The city is a highly distinctive city. Built with ancient Hindu building suggests a decline in architectural power and originality. The "pink" a traditional color of welcome, was paint added in 1853 in honor of the visit by Prince Albert, and the tradition has survived to this day.

Jantar Mantar (Observatory): Literally "Instruments for measuring the harmony of the heavens', the Jantar Mantar was built between 1728 and 1734. Not content with brass, Jai Singh wanted things on a grand scale and chose stone with a marble facing on the important planes. Each of the instruments serves a particular function and each gives an accurate reading. The observatory is a fascinating and attractive site to walk round.

Amer Fort : 11 kms north of Jaipur, this was the ancient capital of the Kachhawaha Rajputs from 1037 until Sawai Jai Singh II moved to newly created Jaipur. The building of the fort-palace was begun by Raja Man Singh, a noted Rajput general in Akbar's army. The architecture shows distinct Mughal influence. The route there is very attractive, leaving the town and travelling first across the surrounding plain.

The City Palace (1728-1732): The city palace occupies the center of Jaipur , covers 1/7 of its area an is surrounded by a high wall. This was the Guest Pavilion and has a very attractive white marble frontage. On the first floor is the Tactile and Costume Museum. When Jai Singh moved his court from Amber to the new palace, 4 out of the 36 imperial Departments were devoted to costumes and textiles.

Hawa Mahal: forming part of the East wall of the palace complex and best seen from the street courtside the palace is the " Palace of the Winds" This famous building in Jaipur is in part simply a pink sandstone facade.

 

Udaipur

Set in the Girwa valley amidst the Aravalli hills of South Rajasthan, Udaipur is a beautiful city. In contrast of some of its desert neighbors it presents an enchanting image of white marble palaces, placid blue lakes and green hills that keep the wilderness at bay. It is an oasis of color in a stark and arid region. Udaipur is a traditional planned walled city, its bastioned rampart walls pierced by 5 massive gates.

 

Jodhpur

Jodhpur is the second largest city of Rajasthan, once the capital of Marwal, sprawls around the impressive Meherangarh Fort Built on a 122-m sandstone bluff. The Rathore Rajputs had moved there in 1211 after their defeat at Kanauj by Muslim invaders but in 1459 Rao Jodha forced to leave the Rathore Capital of Mandor, 8 kms to the north, chose this as his capital because of its strategic location on the Thar Desert.

Meherangarh : The "Majestic Fort" sprawls along the top of a steep escarpment with a 37 m sheer drop at the South end. Rao Jodha built it in 1459. It stands high above the plains, with walls, which, in place, are 36 m high and 3 to 21 mt wide.

Mandore: Mandore the old 6th century capital of Marwar is set on a plateau over the Mandore Gardens. The gardens are set around the former cremation ground of the Rathor rulers' dark red sandstone Chhattris

 

Jaisalmer

Jaisalmer is the westernmost town of any significance in India has an extraordinarily medieval feel, with its crenellated golden sandstone walls and narrow streets lined with exquisitely caved buildings. All, including new structures, are built out of the local honey-coloured sandstone.

The Fort
On the somewhat triangular Trikuta Hill, the fort sands 76 mt above the town, enclose by a 9 m wall with 99 bastions (mostly 1633-1647 ). About a quarter of the town's people live within it.

Havelis
In both the fort and the town are many exceptional havelis, the mansions of rich merchants. Many are as fine as their Venetian counterparts, with beautifully carved facades, jali screens and oriel windows overhanging the streets below. The ground floor is raised above the dusty streets and each has an inner courtyard surrounded by richly decorated apartments.

Ruins of Kuldhara
One of 84 villages near Jaisalmer deserted overnight by its inhabitants who left behind a curse. Howling winds rush through empty streets and ruined homes. It is said that at times one can hear the sounds of life that existed here.

 

Bikaner

Bikaner takes its name from Rao Bhikaji the sixth son of the Rathor Rajput prince Rao Jodha, the founder of Jodhpur. Bhika set up his independent kingdom in 1488 like Jaisalmer, it developed as a center of the cross-desert caravan trade, but a defensive site was necessary to give its ruling princess protection. The rocky outcrop in the desert provides a dramatic setting for the Junagarh fort.

 

Kashmir

Vale of Kashmir, as lush in its promise of the relaxed lifestyle as in the fulfillment of its craftsmen's extraordinary skills. Since the late 14th centure the Islam has been the presiding religion. Some centuries later , in the 19th centure the Dogras took over the valley . A great part of the magic of Srinagar ( 1768 meters ) , the capital of Kashmir, is its flavor of Central Asia though it lies on the same latitude as southern Spain.

 

Ladakh

The mountain of Ladakh is spectacular. As even the valleys are at an altitude of 3,500 mt. the summits are only 3,000 mt higher. Because it is desert there is little snow on them and they look like big brown hills. They are dry and dusty, with clusters of willows and desert roses along the streams, yet Ladakh is a completely magical palace, remote with delightful, gentle, un-grasping people.

 

Rishikesh

Rishikesh is a great pilgrimage center as it stands on a junction of the Ganges and Chandraphaga rivers and is the starting point for pilgrimages to other holy places. Perhaps the most intriguing sights are its ghats (sacred river steps) and temples. There are also several ashrams (Places of Spiritual retreat), and you are likely to see many Sadhus (holy men) in the crowded streets.

 

Varanasi

Varanasi is situated on the West Bank of the Ganga at a point where it sweeps in a Great Bend North before resuming its South East course to the sea. India's most sacred city, it was probably already an important town by the 7th century BC when Babylon and Nineveh were at the peak of their power. The Buddha came to it in 500 BC and it was mentioned in both the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. It derives its name from 2 streams, the Varuna on the North side of the city and the Assi, a small trickle on the South. Baranas is a corruption of Varanasi. It also called Kashi, " The City of Light" by Hindus who as a mark of respect add the suffix ji to it. It is one of the seven Sacred Cities of Hinduism.

 

Khajuraho

Khajurhao Temples are Unesco World Heritage Sites. The temples at Khajuraho were built under later Chandela kings between 950 and 1050 AD in a truly inspired burst of creativity. Of the original 85 temples, the 25 surving are among the finest in India. They are built mostly of a find sandstone from Panna in shades ranging from pink through buff to pale yellow although granite was used in a few.

 

Ajanta & Ellora Caves

Ajanta Caves spectacularly located in a pass in the Vindhya Hills. In 1819 a company of British soldiers on a tiger hunt stumbled on this series of remarkable caves, which have become a treasure trove of Buddhist art (2nd century BC to 7th century AD). As late as the 1920s Murray's Handbook declared them 'quite out of the range of the ordinary tourist'. Today when we came upon this lost world, it seems as secluded and restful as a Cistercian monastery. The wall paintings lovingly illuminate the Buddhist stories in flowing colors: real, live, sensuous characterizations, without the rigid heretic postures one normally expects – an art form sanctioned by a transcendental philosophy, where lovers drink wine together and handsome kings and beautiful princesses sit serenely on their thrones attended by adoring handmaidens.

Ellora Caves lying near an important ancient trade route between Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh and the West coast, the caves are through to be the work of priests and pilgrims who used the route. Unlike the caves at Ajanta, Ellora' s caves were never lost, but they were abandoned and forgotten. There are 34 caves, cut out of the volcanic lavas of the Deccan Trao. !2 are Buddhist ( created from approximately 600-800 AD) 17 Hindu ( 600-900 Ad ) and 5 Jain ( 800-1100 AD )

 

Mumbai

300 years ago, the area occupied by this great metropolis was seven islands inhabited by Koli men (from we have the world "coolies" ) and their families. With land reclamation the islands were connected, so that now Bombay occupies a narrow isthmus. The British acquired these marshy and malarial islands for a pittance. Mumbadevi or Mumbai (from which Bombay get its name), was part of Catherine of Braganza's marriage dowry when she married Charles II in 1661. Four years later, the British took possession of the remaining islands and neighboring mainland area and in 1668 the East India Company leased the whole are for pound 10 sterling per year, which was paid for nearly fifty years.

 

Periyar

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in the cardamom hills on the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Periyar was established in 1934 and is one of the largest sanctuaries in India. It is one of the best sanctuaries in which to observe herds of elephants. The 21-mile long lake is artificial, built by the British in 1895 for irrigation purposes. The scenery, shapes and colors often remind people of the Scottish Highlands. Viewing is best by boat at sunrise and sunset - there is also a rich variety of bird life and other animals that may be seen include bison, wild boar, and sambar. Evening viewing by boat. Check in/Dinner and overnight stay at hotel

 

Madurai

Madurai which has been a centre of learning and pilgrimage for may centuries. Life in this bustling pilgrimage city is centred on the great Meenakshi Temple. In the afternoon visit the 17th century Shree Meenakshi Sundareshawara temple which dominates the old city. This great temple with its gopuram (pyramidal gateway) is covered with a profusion of multi colored images of mystical figures, animals and gods. From dawn until late at night the temples complex and colorful bazars teem with pilgrims. Return in the evening to the temple to witness the temple music.

 

Mahabalipuram

"Mahabalipuram was named after the Pallava King Narasimbhavaram who enjoyed the title Mamalla or great champion. He excavated many cave temples, the most remarkable being the seven monolithic temples, each carved from a single granite boulder standing on the sea shore. In the village you will see a huge bronze relief measuring 27m by 9m, known as Arjuna's penance. Which is cut on to a flat granite rock-face.